Surname: Garden cress
Latin name: Lepidium sativum
Other names: Cress
plant family: Cruciferous plant
Number of species: /
circulation area: originally Western Asia; now worldwide
Location of the plant: unspecific
Blдtter: paired; light to dark green
Blьtenfarbe: white, pink
Blьtezeit: all year round
Hцhe: 5 - 50cm
Older: one-year-old plant
use: Spice plant
characteristics: appetizing, anti-inflammatory, aromatic
Plant information: Garden cress
The garden cress or Lepidium sativum is a herbaceous one one-year-old plant, which is valued mainly for its highly aromatic taste and cultivated in many households. The robust and sufficient garden cress reaches growth heights of up to half a meter in the wild and produces bald, up-branched stalks at whose tips grow small alternate leaves. The flowers, about half a centimeter in width, are white, sometimes light reddish or pale pink in color and produce pods containing the seeds.
The garden cress may have originally been native to the Middle East and Egypt, as well as Asia, but today is found in many countries worldwide. In nature, the plant grows on bird feeders, in gardens and farms as well as on roadsides and landfills. Ever since ancient times garden cress has been called Gewьrzpflanze cultivated because of their health-promoting properties, in the Middle Ages it was found in every monastery garden.
The cultivation of garden cress proves to be extremely easy and problem-free. The seeds may be cultivated in a tray placed in the window-box on soil or on a special plant-fleece made of hemp-fibers as well as on moist cotton-wool or on kitchen-paper. Garden cress does not need any fertilizer or direct sunlight and germinates within a few days if there is sufficient water supply. After about a week, the tender plums can be harvested and find a versatile use in the kitchen. The ones contained in the cress Senfцlglykoside give this plant its slightly sharp, radish-like taste. Garden cress is used to refine spreads, butter or lard breads, egg dishes, soups and salads.
The very healthy plant has a high content Folic acid, iron, calcium and vitamins on. It has an appetizing effect, repels spring fever and acts against indigestion. Garden cress stimulates milk production and is therefore often consumed by breastfeeding mothers. Likewise, the tasty plant has blood-forming properties, stimulates the urinary organs and acts entzьndungshemmend, Especially in winter, when fresh and vitamin-rich vegetables are scarce, home-grown garden cress is an ideal vitamin supplier whose fine aroma can be enjoyed within a few days after sowing.
This information is for scholastic work only and is not intended to identify edible or inedible herbs. Eat or Never use herbs found without proper knowledge!
Pictures: Garden cress