Latin name: Betula
Number of species: about 50 birch species
circulation area: Europe, Asia, North America
fruit: small, brown-yellow, winged nut fruits
heyday: March May
height: 20-30 meters
Older: about 50 years
Properties of the bark: white, cracked
Properties of the wood: hard
Locations of the tree: everywhere, as undemanding
leaf: alternate arrangement, slightly triangular leaves
Interesting about the birch
The genus of birch (Betula) includes about 50 different types of birch, including the Silver birch respectively. silverbirch, the most common type of birch family in Germany. This is easily recognizable by its typical black and white bark.
Especially for allergy sufferers, the pollen from the birches is associated with suffering between March and April. Because birch is pollinated not by insects but only by the wind, they release large amounts of pollen compared to other trees. This effective increase, as well as the small needs a birch brings to its environment (especially soil conditions), are the reasons why birch trees are considered pioneer plants. When colonizing new habitats, young birches are usually found in front of other tree species.
In tradition, birches have a permanent place. Thus, the so-called Maypoles are put on the night of May 1 by unmarried men before the homes of their adored. Decorating and setting up the trees has a long tradition, especially in western and southern Germany, and is considered a proof of love.