General

The tiger - profile


Characteristics

Surname: Tiger
Latin name: Panthera tigris
class: Mammals
size: 150 - 300cm
mass: 100 - 250kg
Older: 8 - 20 years
Appearance: red-orange, black striped
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Carnivore
food: Deer, rabbits, cattle, birds, wild boars
distribution: Asia
original origin: Asia
Sleep-wake rhythm: dusk or nocturnal
habitat: Grasslands, rainforest, wetlands
natural enemies: /
sexual maturity: with 3 - 5 years
mating season: all year round
gestation: about 100 days
litter size: 2 - 5 cubs
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: Yes
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.

Interesting facts about the tiger

  • The tiger is the largest and at the same time heaviest species of the cat family.
  • From originally nine known subspecies, live with Bengaltiger, Indochinese Tiger, Malayan Tiger, Siberian Tiger, South China Tiger and Sumatratiger only six.
  • The tiger has - with the exception of humans - no natural enemies. Thus, he stands as a top predator at the bottom of the food chain.
  • A tiger needs between 5 and 8kg of meat every day. This high demand can only be met by the killing of larger mammals (such as deer and wild cattle).
  • At the beginning of the 20th Century still lived 100,000 tigers in the wild. Currently, the stock is estimated at 4000 animals, plus about 10,000 tigers in captivity (zoos or private housing).
  • Tigers are loners. However, young animals stay with the mother for a few years (2-4).
  • As lurking hunters, tigers sneak up onto their prey from behind and kill the prey with a deliberate bite in the neck. Tigers seldom pursue a prey longer than 100m because the body is not designed for long pursuits (enormously high energy consumption).
  • Tigers are not afraid of water. In search of food, tigers can swim through larger rivers without any problems. In fact, tigers even like water. This fondness only shares jaguars with the family of cats.
  • The main reason for the sharp decline in the tiger population is and remains the hunt by humans. The organs of the tiger are considered in Chinese medicine as a remedy. On the illegal black market, products made from tiger powder are priced at many thousands of euros.