Latin name: Talpidae
size: 8 - 20cm
mass: 20 - 160g
Older: 2 - 5 years
Appearance: Brown black
Sexual dimorphism: No
Nutrition type: Insectivore (insectivore)
food: Insects, earthworms
distribution: Europe, Asia
Sleep-wake rhythm: day or night active
habitat: under the earth
natural enemies: Owl, fox, birds of prey, wild boar
sexual maturity: from the 2nd year
mating season: February - April
gestation: about 28 days
litter size: 3 - 4 cubs
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting about the mole
- The mole has a tremendously active metabolism. In a food withdrawal of more than one day moles die, because virtually no fat reserves can be built.
- A mole consumes half of its body weight daily in food.
- The eyes of the mole have regressed in the course of evolution. Under the earth, the sense of sight is not needed.
- Between one and three months, the young moth (3 - 8 animals) is supplied by the mother. Then the moles look for their own territory.
- The front paws are also referred to as grave scoops because the digging process of the mole resembles that of a bucket wheel excavator.
- Moles create different chambers: pantry, sleeping chamber and brood chamber. The latter is well protected half a meter underground.
- The sense of smell is the most sophisticated sense in the mole. This can reliably smell small insects. In addition, tactile hairs help with orientation in the duct systems.
- In the summer months, the mole digs just below the surface of the earth. Moles do not hibernate, and dig in the winter months just 50cm deeper to be protected from the cold.
- Moles must not be killed. The Federal Nature Conservation Act protects all species. Alternatively, the moles may be distributed from their own land. This works best with buttermilk or mint.
- Moles contribute with their grave activity to a natural mixing of the soil.